LOCATION AND LAND AREA
The municipality of San Luis is one of the eight (8) towns that comprise the province of Aurora. The province of Aurora is located at the eastern coast the land of Luzon directly facing the vast Pacific Ocean. Aurora is topographically separated from Central Luzon and Southern Tagalog by the north to south stretch of the Sierra Madre Mountain range. The town of San Luis is located in the south central portion of the province. San Luis is 7 kilometers from the provincial capital of Baler, 108 kilometers from Cabanatuan City and 423 kilometers northeast of Manila.
The municipality of san Luis is located between Latitude 150 28’ 00” to 150 42’ 00” North and Longitudes 1210 16’ 00” to 1210 35’ 00” East. San Luis is bounded on the by the municipality of Maria Aurora, on the south by the town of Dingalan, on the east by the town of Baler, and the province of Nueva Ecija on its west.
San Luis is reach by land transportation using either the Zigzagging Baler Bongabon road or the Pantabangan road by way of Baler. Several bus companies frequently ply the Manila-Baler and Cabanatuan-Baler route. The inland Barangay are inter – connected by municipal and Barangay roads. Tricycles are the most popular and readily available way of moving around town. The coastal barangays of Dibut, Dibayabay, Dikapinisan and Dimanayat are accessible using motorized boats. San Luis is also home to the provincial of Airport of Aurora. The town may soon be reached by air transportation once plane service resumes operation in the province.
Sa Luis has a total land area of 62, 068.17 hectares which represents roughly 20 percent of the total land area of Aurora. This makes the San Luis the largest municipality in the province of Aurora in terms of land area. San Luis is subdivided into 18 barangays and 102 sitios. Four barangays are classified as coastal Barangay, while 9 are lowland barangays. The remaining 5 are classified as upland Barangays. Barangay Diteki is the largest Barangay with an area of 22,939.90 hectares. Barangay Diteki also has the number of sitios with 16. The smallest Barangay is Barangay 3 Poblacion with a total land area of 12.56 hectares. Land areas and number of sitios per Barangay are further defined.
Underlying the municipal land area of San Luis are 3 general types of geologic formation: (1) alluvial lands (2) foothill lands and (3) mountain lands. Alluvial lands are located in the low land portion of san Luis, along rivers, streams and the coastal areas. Foothill lands are found in the forested areas between the lowlands and the mountains. Mountain lands comprise 87% of San Luis are found in the hilly and mountainous areas of the municipality.
TOPOGRAPHY, ELEVATION AND SLOPE
The municipality of San Luis is rugged and mountainous. Over 63% of its total land area has elevation of 500 meters above sea level. Only 26% of the town is located in low elevations(less than 300 meters above sea level). The elevation ranges from 0 to 1885 meters above sea level.
In terms of slope, 70% of the municipal lands of San Luis have slope greater than 50 percent. These are comprised the steep mountains and hills of the municipality. Only 8.38% of the town is considered level to nearly level and 5.42% is undulating to rolling in with slopes greater than 18% are considered as environmental protected zones and should not be used for any other purposed but for forest protection. On the other hand, lands with slopes of 0 to 18%are categorized as alienable and disposable lands and can be used for farming, human settlements and other economically productive uses. San Luis has 8,920.92 hectares lands which are only about 14.37%of the total municipal lands. This means majority of the municipal lands must be reserve for ecological protection and forest growth.
San Luis has six soil types. Annam clay loam and mountain Soil cover most of the municipality. There are also Baler silty Clay Loam, Guimbalaon Sand, and Umingan Loam
Three general types of soil are identified in the municipality of San Luis. These include: lowlands soils, soils of the hill, and mountain soil. These soil types are further sub-divided into 17 soils units.
San Luis is considered rich in mineral resources. Presently these minerals are still untapped. Copper and gold are the minerals that can be found in the municipality. Several applications for mining exploration and extraction permit are fields in the bureau of Mines and Geo-Science-DENR Region IV.
The influx of applications for mining exploration is a result of Republic Act No. 7942, also known as the Philippines Mining Act of 2005 which aims to revitalize the ailing mining industry in the country.
The municipality of San Luis has no existing weather station at present. The climatic data from Philippines Atmospheric Geophysical Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) station in Baler is used to approximate the weather conditions in San Luis. PAGASA classified all the municipalities of Aurora to be type IV climate under the Corona’s classification. In the type IV climate, there are no distinct wet or dry seasons where rainfalls of greater than 150 mm generally occur each month.
San Luis experience warm and most weather conditions. The annual average of the temperature in the municipality is 28.5 degrees Celsius. The temperature varies from 17 degrees Celsius to 37 degrees Celsius with April as the warmest month and December and January as the coolest months.
The municipality of San Luis experienced a normal wind speed of 2 meters per second (7 Kph). Wind direction is Westerly coming from the west) during yes months of June to September, northeasterly from December to February, westerly in March and south to southeasterly in April, October and November.
The municipality of San Luis has an average of annual rainfall of 145.9 mm and a monthly average of 145.67 mm. December is the wettest month with average rainfall of 464 mm. November and December are part of the typhoon for eastern Luzon. Typhoons from the Pacific Ocean bring in heavy rains during this period. August is the driest month with 65.4 mm average rainfall.
Aurora is located on the eastern coast of Luzon Island which is part if the regular typhoon path. In December 12, 1963, Typhoon Sisang hit Central Aurora recording 676 mm. of rainfall causing extensive floods and landslides. The PAGASA Baler station recorded that an average of 19.8 tropical cyclones or typhoons enters the Philippine area of responsibility. In Aurora the main cyclone period is from June to November, with an average of 3.4 cyclones entering the province each year.
The following hazards may affect the municipality of San Luis in various degrees and in different location: typhoons, storms, surges, erosion, floods and river overflow. Typhoons usually visit Aurora during the fourth quarter of the month.
Upland areas are prone to severe erosion. These are readily apparent in Diteki, San Isidro, Dibut, Dibayabay, Dikapinisan, Dimanayat, The major rivers of the municipality are commonly experiencing riverbanks erosion, which are attributed to loose young soil materials (alluvial), and large volume of floodwaters with high velocity. Flooding also poses a problem, with coastal barangays usually experiencing flooding during high tide and storm surges.
HISTORICAL GROWTH OF POPULATION
The first official census of the population of San Luis as a separate municipality as recorded in 1960. The town’s population was reported to be 4,397. The population increase by 1970 to 8,090 and kept increasing from then on. The biggest population increase in the period from 1960 to 1970 wit an average annual growth rate of 8.39% the recent intercensal year 1995 to 2000 registered in annual average growth rate of 0.39%. The population of the municipality, increase by only 1,009 persons in the five year period, the rate is below the national average of 2.2%.
The 18 Barangay of San Luis have varied population sizes. The 18 Barangays, Nonong has the biggest population with 3,140 inhabitants, followed by Ditumabo with 2,963 and Zarah with 1,999 residents. Barangay Dibalo on the other hand is the smallest Barangay in San Luis with only 154 residents. Barangay San Jose is the second smallest with 389 residents.
One indicator that can be used to measure an area’s degree of being populated is through population density. Population Density is the ration between total populations over total land area. Even if an area has a large population, it does not necessary mean that it is over populated. As long as the area is large enough to sustain its inhabitants, it is far from being over populated. A high population density would mean that the certain unit area is not big enough to sustain its settlers, that it too many people are sharing that unit area. On the other hand a low population density would tell other wise.
The information and the interpretation derived from the analysis of the population density find more application in urban planning and public administration. Population density is also used as a basic or standard in classifying whether a certain municipality, city, or Barangay is rural or urban.
The Poblacion Barangays or Barangay 1, 2, 3 and 4 are the most densely populated barangays in San Luis. These barangays are where the majority of municipal institution and commercials establishment are located. These include the municipal hall, churches, health clinic, central schools, stores, commercial stalls and many more.
The 2000 NSO census shows the majority of the populations of San Luis are Tagalogs. The Tagalog population totals 17,653, which comprise over 85% of the total population of the San Luis. Bicolanos are the second biggest ethno linguistic group in the municipality with 1,296 residents or 6.1% of municipal population, followed by Ilocanos with 824 residents.
Majority of the popualtin of San Luis are Roman Catholics. They total 18,079 which represent 85.05% of the population. The other religion such as Iglesia Ni Cristo, Baptist, Protestant, 7th Day Adventists, Jehovah’s witnesses, Church of Christ’s Latter Day Saints, and other evangelical churches have combine population of 3,177.
There are 18 elementary school and 3 high schools in the municipality of San Luis. Almost all Barangay are provided with one elementary school each. Mount Carmel High School is the only Private School in the municipality offering the primary and secondary education. There are no educational institutions in San Luis offering Tertiary education (college level).
There are 3,580 students enrollees in San Luis for the school year 2004-2005. Grade 1 pupils registered the highest number of enrollment with 749 enrollees. San Luis Central School and Ditumabo Elementary School are the two biggest elementary schools in San Luis. Hacienda Public School on the other hand recorded the least numbered of enrollees with 30 pupils.
San Luis National High School in Barangay Poblacion 4 registered the biggest high school enrolment with 638 students for school year 2004-2005. Dikapinisan National High School recorded the least high school students with only 151 enrollees.
STUDENTS CLASSROOM RATIO
The municipality recorded an average of 1:27 classroom-pupils ratio in the elementary level and 1:36 in the high school level. Using the government standard of 1:40 classroom-pupils ratio; majority of the elementary school and high school in San Luis have sufficient classroom. However there are three (3) elementary schools and one high school that failed to meet the required classroom pupil’s ratio. The elementary school of Dibayabay, Dibut and Diotorin recorded a classroom pupil ratio of 1:52, 1:59 and 1:54 respectively. The provision of additional classrooms for these schools is urgently needed. In anticipation of the growth of student’s enrollment in the future, addition classrooms in the elementary level must also be constructed.
At the high school level, San Luis National High School Failed to meet the required classroom pupil ratio with 1:45 ratio. Ditumabo and DikapinisanNational High School have sufficient classrooms with 1:22 and 1:33 classroom-pupils ratio.
There are 133 instructional rooms for the elementary level in San Luis, according to the Department of Education. The elementary school with the most number of classrooms is San Luis Central School, Ditumabo, Dikapinisan and Nonong Sr. Elementary School. In the secondary level there are a total 36 instructional rooms. Ditumabo National High School and San Luis National High School have the most number of classrooms fro high school, with 14 and 16 classroom respectively.
According to the 2000 NSO report, An Luis has a literacy rate of 92. 5%. Records showed that the female population has a slightly higher percentage of literacy than that of the male. This is based on a 10 percent sample of municipality’s population.
MORTALITY AND MORBIDILITY
Based on the data from the Municipal Health Office, cardiovascular disease is the major cause of death among adults, with 14 reported cases. Other leading causes of death include chronic degenerative disease, accidents and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. On the other hands congenital heart defects and intra-uterine fetal deaths are the leading causes of deaths among infants and children.
NATIONAL HEALTH STATUS
The Department of Agriculture – National health council regularly conducts operation Timbang to monitor the health conditions of children below 6 years old. Operation Timbang measures the weight of children to indicate the health status of the younger population of San Luis. Of the 4,075 children weighed in 2002, 91 were found to be underweight. The most number of underweight children were monitored in Nonong Sr., Ditumabo, Zarah, Dikapinisan, with 17, 13, 11 and 11 underweight children respectively. The municipal government should look into the cause of the malnutrition and address the problem accordingly.
MUNICIPAL HEALTH OFFICE
The Municipal Health Office (MHO) is in charge of the implementation of the public health programs in the municipality of San Luis. The Municipal Health Office is located at the Municipal Government compound in Barangay Poblacion. The MHO offered 24 Hour medical services and advices for the people of San Luis
The MHO handles the following cases:
v Medical, pediatric, obstetric, gynecological, EENT, surgical and Medico-legal cases manageable at the MHO level.
v Dental cases and consultation upon the scheduled visits of the municipal dentist.
v On-going health care services programs implemented by the Department of Health, NGOs and civic groups.
v Coordination with the Volunteer Health Workers, trained health attendants in the implementation of the referral system and other programs.
v Provision of first aid treatment for major trauma cases prior to referral to the district hospital.
v Referral of cases requiring further evaluation and treatment to the nearest hospital within the municipal health zone.
There are 4,047 occupied hosing units in the town of San Luis. The NSO categorized these houses according to the number of occupants and types of structures. Single detached houses make up the majority of the houses in the municipality with 3,957 units. On the average one household resides in one housing units.
The NSO also conducted a survey on the different housing materials used as roof and walls. Of the 4,047 occupied houses, 70.47% used galvanized iron or aluminum and 22.43% used nipa and cogon as the materials for the roof. For the walls, 46.13% of houses used as wood. Only 23.67% of houses are made of concrete. Roofs made of galvanized iron and aluminum is commonly found in urban area, nipa and cogon roofs are found in rural areas.
The Philippine National Police (PNP) – San Luis is responsible for the enforcement of the peace and order in the municipality. As of May 2005, the municipal police force is composed of 29 personnel. PNP San Luis in charge of promoting safety and security of the people of San Luis. The police population ratio is 1:732.
For the rural town like San Luis, the standard police to population’s ratio are 1:500. This means that the town needs more police force; specifically the municipality needs additional 40 personnel. The police force is presently undermanned
The municipality of San Luis has one municipal Fire Station located in Poblacion 4. The municipal fire station brigade maintains 1 fire truck and is prepared for fire fighting and emergency rescue. There are 8 active fire officials in San Luis. The ranking of the fire station personnel is indicated in this table.
Fire Station Personnel
|2||Senior Fire Officer 2 (SFO2)|
|1||Fire Officer 3(FO3)|
|5||Fire Officer 1 (FO1)|
MUNICIPAL SOCIAL WELFARE AND DEVELOPMENT
The Municipal Social Welfare and Development Office (MSWDO) are tasked to provide welfare and development services for the municipality. Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) and People’s Organizations (POs) provide assistance to MSWDO’s programs and services such as the Comprehensive and Integrated Delivery of Social Services (CIDSS)) under the Social Reform Agenda (SRA).
The MSWDO is mandated to prepare plans and program that aim to provide core protection and rehabilitation to the needy and disadvantaged member of San Luis. The welfare and development services offered in the municipality by the SWO are the following:
v Construction, maintenance and operation of Day Care Centers, day Care Services and Supplemental Feeding Programs.
v Livelihood Assistance, Emergency assistance, Special Social Services for victims of Rape, battered Wives and mentally ill patients.
v Educational Assistance for out of School Youth
v Relief and Rehabilitation Operations for Disasters victims and Psycho-social services for elderly and disabled person.
v Comprehensive and Integrated Delivery of Social Services Program (CIDSS)
v Senior Citizen (20% discount cards) programs
v Medical and Dental Assistance
v Putting up of water potable supply
v Services to underserved communities
v Legal Assistance (for Rape and Others)
The priority target beneficiaries of the various programs and projects of the MSWDO are the marginalized sectors of the municipality such as the youth, women, and mothers, the elderly, indigenous communities and disabled persons.
Farming and Livestock breeding are the prevailing agricultural activities in San Luis. Although agriculture is the most prominent economic activity in the municipality, only 10% (6,650 hectares) of San Luis is devoted to agriculture. Coconut is the most important crop grown in the municipality of San Luis. According the Municipal Agriculture Office, coconut production covers 4,606 hectares of municipal land, which is considered as the largest coconut production zone in Aurora. Coconut industry largely contributes to the municipality’s revenue. The largest coconut production area is situated in Barangay Nonong and Barangay L. Pimentel. Other main crops cultivated in San Luis are rice, corn, Abaca, and citrus. These crops are produce in commercial quantities. There are also other crops produced in lesser quantities and are grown mainly for household consumption. These include root crops, peanut, rambutan, coffee, mango and other types of fruits and vegetables.
Rice farming is also a major source of livelihood especially in the lowland Barangays. Out of the 18 Barangay of San Luis, 16 have farmland that used fro rice production. Barangay Bacong and Zarah have the largest area of land that is used for rice cultivation. Most of the rice lands in San Luis are cultivated twice a year. Irrigation projects and new rice planting system have improved production for many farming communities.
AGRICULTURAL TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE
The Municipal Agriculture Office (MAO) conducts various extension services by administering program that helps improve agricultural production yield. MAO is currently implementing a municipal assistance program to support the coconut, abaca, and cottage industries in San Luis. These programs include the ‘Niyugan sa Barangay Program’, ‘Abaca Project’, and ‘Sabutan project’. The abaca project is administered to the coastal communities to introduce them to alternative means of livelihood other than farming and fishing. The MAO is coordination with the Fiber Industry Development Authority (FIDA) conducted seminars for farmer for the land preparation for harvesting abaca. In line with this, FIDA distributed 1,000 suckers to five barangays of San Luis – 200 sucker for Barangay Dimanayat, 300 for Barangay L. Pimentel, 100 for Barangay Diotorin, 300 for Barangay Diteki and 100 sucker givers for Barangay Dibut.
AGRICULTURAL CREDIT INSTITUTION
There are available agricultural credit facilities in San Luis where farmers can borrow funds for purchasing farm implements, seedlings and fertilizers. Farmers can loan for the Cooperative Bank of Aurora, MAGKAISA based in Barangay Nonong Sr., and other local cooperative such as San Luis cooperative such as San Luis Settlers Association (SASESLA), Small Scale Coconut Association, Ditumabo Multi-Purpose Cooperation and Hiwalayan CARP Beneficiaries and other cooperative recognized by the Cooperative Development Authority such as Dibayabay Multi-purpose Cooperative, Bacong/San Isidro Cooperative Development, St. Joseph Cooperative and Rural Improvement Club (RIC).
In 2005, the municipality of San Luis has a total of 119 post harvest facilities and agricultural machineries. San Luis has 49 solar dryers, 10 threshers, 36 hand tractors, 11 rice mills, and 13 warehouses that support the crop production of San Luis farmers.
Barangay Bacong has the most number of the post harvest facilities with 119 total machinery and equipments most of its land allotted for agricultural use. Most of the land area of Barangay Bacong is allotted for agricultural use.
There are also Irrigation System that exist in the municipality such as 4 Communal Irrigation Systems (CIS) and 1 Communal Irrigation Projects. It is interesting to note that these irrigation systems have an aggregate service area of 787 hectares and farmer beneficiaries of 1025 farmers.
The municipality’s land is also suitable grazing livestock. There are 4 livestock and 3 poultry farms registered in the office of Municipal Agriculturist. The livestock comprise a carabaos (518 heads), cattle (587 heads), goats (836 heads), and hogs (916 heads) while domestic fowls include chicken (10,940), duck (1,458), and turkey (185).
Four of the eighteen Barangay of San Luis located along the coast. Fisher folks from these barangays harvest from bays of Dibut,Dibudulan, Dikapinisan, Dibayabay, and Dimanayat. As of 2001 there are 304 fishing facilities in coastal Barangay. Fishing is an established economic activity in these communities. Fishermen used gears like hook and line, spears and gillnet, cast net and long line (drift and set) to catch fishes. The municipality of San Luis declare some parts of Barangay Dibut and fish Sanctuaries and marine Protected Areas. Faunal species protected under coastal resource management include sea gull, bat, sea turtle, king fisher, layang-layang, dolphin, octopus, shrimp, lobster, giant clam, squid and shellfish.
There are major commercial species of fishes caught by fishermen. These are marlin, talakitok, grouper, lamarang, tuna, maya-maya, and scads. There are also example of marine products that can be harvested in the seas of San Luis such as squid shrimp, shellfish and octopus.
The municipal government of San Luis provides regular fisheries extension for improve fisheries production. The municipal government promotes of trainings and seminars are supervised by the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources. Monitoring the tilapia productions also conducted regularly.
There are a total of 304 fishermen in the coastal barangays. Around 154 of them derive their income from fishing while 150 are considered part-time fishermen. A total of 107 boats are used for fishing activities and on some occasions, these boats are also used to transport people and commodities. San Luis has also some post harvest infrastructure to support fishing industry. These include ice plants, cold storage, and fish processing facilities. Fish wharves and the fish markets can be found in Barangay Dikapinisan and Dibut.
Aside from coastal fishing, there are inland fisheries productions in some barangays of San Luis. According to the Municipal Agriculture Office (MAO), there are 10 Barangay in San Luis that practice aquaculture. ‘Tilapia’ is commonly cultivated in these fishponds. Freshwater fishpond operations cover total of 1,293 hectares. Barangay Nonong Sr. has the largest total fishpond reservoir area of 0.397 consisting of 5 fishponds.
COMMERCE TRADE AND SERVICES
According to the Office of Municipal Mayor, Permits and Licensing Section, the most common type of commercial establishments in the municipality are the Sari-Sari Store and Coconut lumber dealers. Most of the variety stores are concentrated in Barangay Poblacion. The municipality has no existing Public Market. Instead has temporary market called “Talipapa” in six Barangay Dimanayat, Dibut, Dibaybay, Dibalo, San Jose and Poblacion, and 2005.
Small scale cottage industry also contributes substantially to the municipal economy. There are various kinds of cottage and home based industries in San Luis such as sabutan craft, furniture, pottery, basketry, rattan craft, charcoal making, hollow blocks making, iron/steel foundry, native wine and vinegar processing, salted egg making and nata-de-coco making.
Sabutan craft production is the most prominent and most popular cottage industry in San Luis. Sabutan leaves are abundant in coconut plantations and are easily available anywhere in the municipality. These leaves are dried, smoothened and woven to different colors and designs of hats, mats and other accessories. Products from small scale sabutan producers are sold locally and serve as a source of income for housewives. Large scale production of sabutan are usual for exports and are found in Barangay Poblacion 2, Barangay San Isidro, Barangay Ditumabo, and Barangay San Jose.
The municipality of San Luis is rich in Natural resources and scenic tourism spots. The municipality boasts of crystal clear river system, spring water, abundant flora and fauna, beautiful waterfalls, and heavily forested lands.
There are five popular tourist sites in the municipality. These include the two major waterfalls – the Caunayan falls located in Barangay l. Pimentel and the Ditumabo falls located in Barangay Ditumabo. The Ditumabo falls located within to Ditumabo – Diteki watershed reservation area is approximately 140 feet high. Ditumabo falls can be reached by crossing rivers, boulders, fallen lodges and wooden bridges. It takes about 45 minutes to reach the falls, passing through tall hard wood trees and shrubs. Caunayan is much easier to trek. It is also pleasant venue for picnic and outings.
Culi-Culi spring and NIA mini-dam watershed are the two of the best suitable for picnics and bathing. Culi-Culi and banju spring is located in Barangay Real.
Aside from being a tourist spot, it is also the source of water for many lowland communities. NIAs small, impounding dam is a mini dam built beside a picnic area. Aside from picnic, NIA mini dam is also an ideal place for swimming. Coconut trees, short grasses and shrubs surround the place. The coastal barangays of San Luis are likewise endowed with natural wonders. The municipal coastline stretched 42 kilometers in length and this coastline in home to several beautiful beaches. The beach area of San Luis totals 247.47 square kilometers. The more popular tourist destinations in the coastline Barangays are the Diotorin beach and the Dibut Bay where one can find exotic marine species like the hammerhead shark and the Mako shark. Peninsulas and cliffs formed by tidal action along the coast. One prominent formation is called “Birhen” because its looks like Virgin Mary praying in the middle of the waves.
As part of the local culture and traditions, each barangays celebrates its own fiestas. The Fiesta is the most awaited festival celebrating the special day of their Patron Saint and is the time to give thanks to the blessings received by the townspeople for the year that passed. The most popular Fiesta in San Luis is the Sabutan Festival in Barangay Poblacion which celebrated every 25th of August.
The municipality of San Luis has a total road length of 126.1629 kilometers. There are 47.1516 kilometers of national roads, 8,882 kilometers of provincial roads, 7.7653 kilometers of municipal roads, and 62.364 kilometers of Barangay roads. Farm to market road are usually located in the rural area. Barangay Dibut and Dibalo’s accessibility is thru the farm to market roads. The coastal Barangays of Dibayabay, Dikapinisan, Dimanayat are accessible through motorized boats.
The road network of the municipality is concentrated extensively in the Poblacion and radiates to peripheral barangays. There are seven (7) existing bridges in San Luis. These bridges have a combined length of 271 linear meters. All the bridges are classified as national bridges.
Three bridges are made of steel. These are Dicong Bridge, Diteki “B” Bridge and Diaboyo Bridge. The rest of the national bridges are made of concrete.
There are two hanging bridge in San Luis and they are found in Barangay Zarah and Dimanayat. Recent typhoons cause the Dimanayat hanging bridge to collapse. It is still under reconstruction.
Tricycles are the most common means of transportation within the municipality of San Luis. There are a total of 193 tricycles units in San Luis. They do not have regular routes but can move around San Luis and can go to nearby towns. There are also passenger jeeps that go to Barangay Diteki and L. Pimentel from Baler.
San Luis is home to the provincial airport of Aurora. The Airport is located to the Barangay San Isidro. The airport could only accommodate small types of planes. Presently there are no regular flight schedules. The airport is used whenever national government officials and dignitaries visit Aurora.
Water transportation is prevalent in the coastal Barangay of San Luis. There are 72 motorized bancas going to and from the coastal barangays. There is no regular boat schedule due to lack of commercial passengers and because of the unpredictable whether conditions in the place.
The municipality of San Luis has an existing water supply system that serves only a small portion of the municipality. With an average on consumption of 10 gallons per person a day, the municipality consumes 212, 560 gallons per day. San Luis has no municipal water district, instead households depends on ground water coming from Culi-Culi/Banju spring. On the other hand, residents from Barangay 1, 2, 3, and 4 L. Pimentel, Nonong Sr., Ditumabo and Diteki obtain water by means of existing water system such as water pumps and wells.
Aurora Electric Cooperative or AURELCO is the officials’ electric distributor in San Luis. AURELCO maintains a 69 kilovolt substation that receives power through the Bongabong power line. Their main sub station in San Luis is located in Barangay San Isidro and has a total capacity of 5 Mega Volts Ampere (MVA). The AURELCO San Luis substation provides 24 hour electric supply to 13 barangays of municipality. The coastal Barangay of Dibut, Dibayabay, and Dikapinisan have power lines already in place but are not yet receiving electricity from the substation. The coastal barangays maintain power generators to produce electricity that usually last for 4 hours only.
In terms of monthly electrical consumption, a total of 138, 908 KWH are consumed by the residents of San Luis. This is equivalent to an average monthly consumption 15 KWH per household.
The telecommunication services and facilities in the municipality include telegraphs and UHF radio trans-receiver. For telegrams, a telecommunication office is located in the municipals hall offering regular weekly service to the people.
The municipality of San Luis has 2 cellular towers. These are the Globe and Smart cellular sites which are both located in Barangay Poblacion. Single side band radios are either privately owned or used by military personnel.
Residents of San Luis often go to Baler to avail of telephone service. There are 3 service operators in Baler: PLDT, RCPI and PT&T. the municipal postal services facility is located to the Municipal Hall. Postal delivery covers only barangays surrounding by the Poblacion. Mails for the residents of other barangays, especially those living in the coastal areas are on a “delivery upon call basis”. This means the delivery of mail in the Barangay is subject to the availability water transportation going to the place.
The municipality of San Luis has 1 relay station of the DZRH Am radio, which located in Sitio Hiwalayan, Bacong, San Luis, Aurora.
The land area of San Luis is classified into 2 major categories: forestlands and alienable and disposal lands. Forestland of San Luis covers 53,443.78 hectares or 86% of the total land area of the municipality, while 7,706.39 hectares (13%) are classified as alienable and disposable lands. The forestland of the San Luis are subcategorized into timberland (26,718.93 ha), national park (1,745.59 ha), watershed forest reservation area (14,013.36 ha), integrated social forestry (66 ha), areas under integrated forest management agreement (918 ha) and areas with A certificate of ancestral titles (10,900 ha).
Land Classification Status, San Luis
|Land Classification Category||Area (Ha)||Percentage (%)|
|Alienable and Disposable lands||7,706.39||12.42|
|Aurora National Memorial Park (ANMP)||1,745.59||2.8|
|Integrated Social Forestry Project (ISFP)||65.5||0.11|
|Integrated Forest Management Agreement (IFMA)||918||1.48|
|Certificate of Ancestral Domain Claims (CDAC)||10,900.00||17.56|
EXISTING LAND USE
The densely populated of the municipality is found in the Poblacion area and nearby barangays. The Poblacion is the center of the municipality where urban functions and services as well as governmental function can be found. Only a small portion of land is available for a built-up area has only 528.96 hectares of the total area.
About 6, 536.03 hectares are being use for crop production primarily of palay and coconut and citrus. Rice producing Barangay include Dibayabay, Dibut, Dikapinisan, Diteki, L. Pimentel, Nonong Sr., San Jose, Zarah, Bacong, and the Barangay 1.
The Forest Land in San Luis covers 54,361.73 hectares or 88 percent of the municipality’s total land area. These are located mostly of the portion of Dibalo, Dibut, Dimanayat, Dikapinisan, Dibayabay, Ditumabo, Diteki, L. Pimentel and Real. Forestlands compose of five sub lands use categories: timber, watershed forest reserve, Aurora Memorial National Park, Integrated Social Forestry Project, and Integrated Forest Management Agreement, and Certificate of Ancestral Domain.
Timberlands accounts for the largest area covered of 27,718.93 hectares or 43 percent. The majority of the timberland area rate found south of the municipality. Segment of the Aurora memorial Park is found in the northern portion of Barangay Diteki covering 1,746 hectare or 31% of the total park area of 5,676 hectares.
Fourteen thousand (14,000) hectares o the forestlands form park of the declared Diteki, San Luis and Dibalo/ Pingit/ Zabali/ Malayat watershed forest reservations. Within the southern portion of the Dibalo Pingit/ Zabali/ Malayat watershed forest reserve lays the Integrated Social Forestry Project (ISFP) which covers 66 hectares including farm plots and settlement sites of the beneficiaries.
The Integrated forest Management Agreement (IFMA) is located in Barangay Dikapinisan. The IFMA is an alternative to timber license agreement (TLA) and covers 918 hectares.
PROPOSED LAND USE
The Comprehensive Land Use Plan 2004- 2005 embodies the vision of the municipal government for San Luis in the near future. It will regulate the growth and future development of land use in the municipality compliance with the zoning ordinance. With the total municipal land area of 62,068.17 hectares, there are 5,434.34 hectares of available lands that shall under go development. This includes total built-up, Riceland, forestland, river washed and beaches. The Proposed Land Use Plan concentrates on the increase of lands of land uses on the ‘Lowland Corridor’ or the Poblacion area. This could be fulfilled by permitting mix-uses of residential and commercial development. In accordance with this, the LGU will allow small scale businesses or backyard enterprises to be built on residential Zone but shall conform with the provisions and subject to restriction under the municipal zoning ordinance. Barangays Zarah, Bacong and San Isidro are expected to be affected by the development areas. Almost all the grassland areas are propose to other uses except fore 15.5 hectares located in cliffy areas of the coastal barangays.
Tourism development is proposed along the coastal areas of the coastal barangays of the municipality as well as existing area that are potential ecotourism sites in L. Pimentel and Ditumabo.
Some beach and land uses are include in the proposed mass tourism area. The airport coverage is the same but needs rehabilitation and further development.
LOCAL GOVERNMENT STRUCTURE
The local government of San Luis corresponds to the provision of the Local Government Code (LGC) of 1991. The administrative arrangement and functions are set by the Office of the Mayor. Milestone legislation on local autonomy, the local Government Code aims to diminish the centralized functions of the National Government by providing greater leeway to the Local Government Units (LGUs) in decision-making and general administration of local affairs.
COMMUNITY ORGANIZATIONS AND COOPERATIVES
San Luis has 12 organizations divided into three namely Socio-Political, Socio-Economic, and Civic/Cultural/Religious. The following provides a list of this accredited organization:
v Samahang Kabataan
v Samahan ng Rural Improvement Club Sa San Luis, Aurora
v Ditumabo Multi Purpose Cooperative
v Ditumabo-Diteki CARP Beneficiaries and Farmers’ Association Inc.
v Hiwalayan CARP Beneficiaries Association
v L. Pimentel Coffee Growers’ Association Inc.
v San Luis Aurora – Small Coconut Farmers’ Association (SASCOPA)
v Samahan ng Settlers Sa San Luis, Aurora (SASELA)
v Samahan ng mga Ulirang Magsasaka ng Zarah (SUMZA)
CIVIC CULTURE AND RELIGIOUS
v Elderly Association
v One Heart Global Mission Inc.
v Women’s Group of T’s for Progress Inc.
The province of Aurora was once part of Distrito El Prinsipe which comprises of the present province of Nueva Ecija and the old province of Tayabas (Now the Province of Aurora and Quezon). Between 1818 and 1902 the distrito was then comprised only at the town of Baler and Casiguran. The 4 other existing Municipalities such as San Jose de Casecnan (Now Maria Aurora), Dipaculao, Dilasag, Ditale were just small mission villages. What is now the Municipality of San Luis was once a barrio of Baler adjacent to the old barrio of Real, Bacong, Ditumabo and Zarah. Barrio San Luis was named after the saint San Luis Rey de Francia (Saint Louis King of France).
In the Philippine Revolution of 1898, these five barrios became an important center of insurgency against the Spanish Government. The situation was aggravated when the insurrector (rebels) attacked the Cazadores (Spanish Army) living in those areas. Since then these places became famous and significant spots of insurgency in the northern part of Tayabas Province.
On December 9, 1941, the locality suffered heavy damage and human casualties when the Japanese Imperial Army bombarded it. This cause to flee their homes and settle in nearby mountain of Dibalo and Dicaloyungan. From there, they organized and formed a guerilla group called “205th squadron” which played a key role in liberating the province against the Japanese invading forces.
On of July 14, 1951, the sub-province of Aurora was created through the enactment of Republic Act No. 648. This law created the component municipalities to be under the sub-province of Aurora. The local official sought the assistance of the late congressman Manuel S. Enverga of Quezon to create a separate town to San Luis and other adjacent barrios. Congressman Enverga sponsored House Bill No. 2863, which later became Republic Act No. 2452 officially creating the municipal district of San Luis. San Luis was a municipal district from 24, 1959 until 1962 when it became a regular municipality by virtue of R.A. NO. 3487.
Today the municipality of San Luis is a thriving community in the progressive province of Aurora. It is a town known for its beautiful waterfalls, the Sabutan weaving Industry and the much awaited sabutan festival in October.
Mayor Hon. Annabelle C. Tangson
Vice Mayor Hon. Teddy A. Macatiag
Hon. Francisco D. Maliwanag
Hon. Norminda S. Querijero
Hon. Jason G. Martinez
Hon. Menelio T. Marzan
Hon. Alberto B. Amazona Jr.
Hon. Corazon A. Teh
Hon. Edwin A. Pineda
Hon. Totong S. Wee
Brgy. Pob. 01 – Reynaldo P. Tolentino
Brgy. Pob. 02 – Edgardo C. Huertazuela
Brgy. Pob. 03 – Maritess B. Larioza
Brgy. Pob. 04 – Norberto S. Aguilar Sr.
Brgy. Bacong – Edwin A. Pineda
Brgy. Dibalo – Luis A. Aguan
Brgy. Dibayabay – Juancho V. Pilapil
Brgy. Dibut – Rene J. Querijero Sr.
Brgy. Dikapinisan – Carlito S. Amaba
Brgy. Dimanayat – Herminigildo D. Gunio Sr.
Brgy. Diteki – Arsenia C. Llave
Brgy. Ditumabo – Meynardo R. Amazona
Brgy. El Pimentel – Juanito C. Andal
Brgy. Nonong Sr. – Enrilyn V. Senoja
Brgy. Real – Mario M. España
Brgy. San Isidro – Ritchelle M. Caballes
Brgy. San Jose – Emmanuel S. Tropicales
Brgy. Zarah – Lorna B. Cruz