Aurora, the youngest constituted province in the Central Luzon (Region III) is located at the eastern seaboard of Luzon, constituting the former northern portion of Quezon Province. Baler, the capital town, is roughly 230 kms. from Manila. It lies between 15°31’02″ to 16°31’00″N along the latitudes and 121°31’02″ to 122°01’30″E along the longitudes. It is bounded by different provinces, on the north by Isabela, on the northwest by Quirino and Nueva Viscaya, on the west by Nueva Ecija and Bulacan, on the south by Quezon and the Pacific Ocean on the east (see map 1 and 2).
Its land area of 309,860 hectares represents 14.53 percent of the regional total (Table 1). The province is generally mountainous and forested although a significantly extensive area of the flat land is presently cultivated with crops such as rice, coconut, coffee, peanut, citrus, black pepper, rootcrops and vegetables.
There are eight (8) municipalities comprising the province. These are: Baler, Casiguran, Dilasag, Dinalungan, Dingalan, Dipaculao, Maria Aurora and San Luis (Table 2). Baler, the smallest town is the provincial capital which serves as the main trading center of the province. It is approximately 232 kms. away from Metro Manila. There are two major roads that link the province to the rest of Luzon. These are the narrow mountain roads cutting across the Sierra Madre mountain ranges between Baler and Bongabon and the other traverses the Municipality of Maria Aurora and the Municipality of Pantabangan in Nueva Ecija.